Uttar Pradesh, one of the States in India, gets the newest GI tag on handicraft “Gorakhpur Terracotta”

Uttar Pradesh, a State in India, proudly holds 27 GI tags, once again recently on 20th April 2020, a certificate for another GI Tag was granted on its highly appreciated handicraft ‘Gorakhpur Terracotta’ by the Registrar of Geographical Indication Registry. The application was filed by Laxmi Terracotta Murtikala Kendra at Aurangabad, Gulriha, Gorakhpur. [For all documents click here]

Terracotta or clay craft is clay based unglazed ceramic where the fired body is porous and red in color. It is a symbol of man’s first attempt at craftsmanship, just like invention of potter’s wheel to use power of motion for productive purpose. Terracotta has been used throughout the history for sculpture, pottery as well as bricks & roof shingles. Along with phallus shaped stones terracotta female figurines were uncovered in excavations of Mohanjodaro suggesting fertility cult & belief in mother goddess.

Terracotta has a simpler process of creating finished work and at a lower cost, as compared to other works. Refined clay is partially dried & cast, moulded or hand worked into desired shape. After drying it thoroughly, it is placed in a kiln & fired. Then the hot ware is covered with sand to cool. Various other Terracotta works like tableware, sanitary pipes or building decorations in freezing environments require that material be glazed. The normal Terracotta red color is obtained by letting out the smoke through the vents of the kiln after firing, and the black color is obtained bv sealing the vents & not letting out the smoke.

Uttar Pradesh posses the following GI Tags-

  1. Allahabad Surkha Guava (Agricultural) here
  2. Lucknow Chikan Craft (Handicraft) here
  3. Mango Malihabadi Dusseheri (Agricultural) here
  4. Benaras Brocades and Sarees (Handicraft) here
  5. Hand Made Carpet of Bhadohi (Handicraft) here
  6. Agra Durrie (Handicraft) here
  7. Farrukhabad Prints (Handicrafts) here
  8. Lucknow Zardozi (Handicraft) here
  9. Benaras Brocades and Sarees Logo (Handicraft) here
  10. Kalanamak Rice (Agricultural) here
  11. Firozabad Glass (Handicraft) here
  12. Kannauj Perfume (Manufactured) here
  13. Kanpur Saddlery (Handicraft) here
  14. Moradabad Metal Craft (Handicraft) here
  15. Saharanpur Wood Craft (Handicraft) here
  16. Meerut Scissors (Manufactured) here
  17. Khurja Pottery (Handicraft) here
  18. Benaras Gulabi Meenakari Craft (Handicraft) here
  19. Varanasi Wooden Lacquer Ware & Toys (Handicraft) here
  20. Mirzapur Handmade Dari (Handicraft) here
  21. Nizamabad Black Pottery (Handicraft) here
  22. Basmati (Agricultural) here
  23. Benaras Metal Repouse Craft (Handicraft) here
  24. Varanasi Glass Beads (Handicraft) here
  25. Ghazipur Wall-Hanging (Handicraft) here
  26. Varanasi Soft Stone Jali (Handicraft) here
  27. Chunar Balua Patthar (Natural) here
  28. Gorakhpur Terracotta (Handicraft) [Newest GI Tag] Here
About Tanya Sharma 52 Articles
Good day everyone!!! I am a student at the School of Law, UPES, Dehradun, pursuing B.A.,LL.B. (honors) specialization in Energy Law. Passionate about gaining knowledge in Legal field, I like to write articles and research papers in the field of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). Apart from academics, I like to travel, dance and read novels.

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