Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu is a Union Territory in Western India which was created through the merger of the former union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. The Government of India in July 2019 announced the plans for the proposed merger. Necessary legislations were passed in the Parliament which came into force on 26th January, 2020. This Union Territory is known for its Portuguese culture, monuments and beautiful gardens; also it has been prized with one Geographical Indication (GI) Tag namely Warli Painting.

Warli Painting is a handicraft product, whose application for GI Tag was filed by Adivasi Yuva Seva Sangh on 7th June 2011 and the product was certified on 31st March, 2014. The Application Details of ‘Warli Painting’ are mentioned below-

Application Details

Application Number239
Geographical IndicationsWarli Painting
Applicant NameAdivasi Yuva Seva Sangh
Applicant AddressAdivasi Yuva Seva Sangh, AYUSH, Kothal Pada, Village – Waghadi, Post – Kasa, Taluka – Dahanu, District – Thane, Maharashtra, 401607., Thane District, Maharashtra , INDIA, 401607
Date of Filing07/06/2011
Class16, 20 & 25
Geographical AreaIndia (Maharashtra, Gujarat, Dadara & Nagar Haveli, Daman Diu
Priority CountryIndia
Journal Number54
Availability Date28/11/2013
Certificate Number208
Certificate Date31/03/2014
Registration Valid Upto06/06/2031

The most important unique feature of Warli Painting is that it is made with all natural ingredients namely mud, cow dung, rice paste, etc. The painting is traditionally made on walls so there is no specific size of paintings. Warli Painting makes use of basic geometries like triangle, square, circle and line; and all these shapes are taken from the close observance of nature. It is a unique art which is made with the help of natural ingredient and only one color, i.e. white on brown background of Earth and cow dung. According to the Researchers and Tribal Tradition Expert, Warli Painting is not just a painting or an art, but it is the script by which tribal people share  various stories of life. Traditionally, it was used as a mode of telecommunication to pass message.

Warli Paintings are very different from other folk and tribal paintings in India. Their themes are not mythological, nor are their colours as bright as the ones seen in Madhubani Paintings. Neither do they contain the robust sensuality of the paintings found in Eastern India. Instead they are painted on mud and cow dung based surface using natural colours in white. These paintings actually highlight the tribal’s daily life and their battle to survive in difficult conditions. Warli Paintings are not just paintings; it is a wordless story of a tribal’s life. Also the shapes drawn of human beings and animals on Warli Paintings are totally different from shapes of other traditional paintings.

Comparative difference between Warli Painting and Other Paintings:

No.IndicatorRathwa PaintingsWarli PaintingsSaora Paintings
1.Wall coatingWhite clayRed ocher or cow dungRed ocher or cow dung
2.PaintRathwas use 5 -7 colors extracted from mineral and plant sourceRice paste serves as paintHere too, rice paste is used
3.Geometry of figuresNo triangular geometry. Drawings are quite advanced. Figures and peoples are common.Triangles forms the essence of warli paintingsAlso have the triangles, but they too draw figures of peoples and animals like the Rathwas
4.ThemesPrincely and royal characters on horse and elephant backs are common. Scenes of sexual intercourse are unique feature of Rathwa paintings.Scenes of super natural beings, socio cultural activities and so onThemes of fertility, horse hold activities & agricultural activities are depicted
5.Sex of artistsMarried MenMarried WomenMarried Men
6.PurposeTo promote agriculture and household prosperity, to promote fertility as wellTo promote fertility & social communicationFertility promotion
7.Twig brushesBamboo twigs and shootsBamboo twigs and grass stemsBamboo twigs
8.SingingMen sing and shamen reads the paintingsWomen (Suhasinis) and dhavleris (main wedding functionary) singNo one sings
9.Number of painters7-8 men paint7-8 women paintOnly one male painter paints
10.Resemblance with bhimbetka paintingsVery close, especially figures of horses, elephants and even hunting scenes including bow and arrowDance forms in bhimbetka paintings resemble with warli paintingsFigures of birds, animals of saora resemble bhimbetka paintings

To know more about the GI Tags of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu visit Warli Painting [here].

About Tanya Sharma 52 Articles
Good day everyone!!! I am a student at the School of Law, UPES, Dehradun, pursuing B.A.,LL.B. (honors) specialization in Energy Law. Passionate about gaining knowledge in Legal field, I like to write articles and research papers in the field of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). Apart from academics, I like to travel, dance and read novels.

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