India’s G20 Presidency: A Strategic Vision for Intellectual Property, Trade, and Responsible Artificial Intelligence

India’s assumption of the presidency of the Group of Twenty (G20) presents a defining moment in global diplomacy and policy formulation. It elevates its status on the global stage, enabling it to wield significant influence over international trade and intellectual property issues. Beyond the ceremonies of the G20 Summit, this article undertakes a comprehensive exploration of the profound implications of the G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration on intellectual property (IP) policies, international trade, and the conscientious use of artificial intelligence (AI). This thorough analysis dissects India’s role in shaping the trajectory of these crucial domains and the broader ramifications of G20’s influence on trade for IP policies. It will scrutinize the nexus between trade dynamics and intellectual property, elucidating how discussions within the G20 can profoundly affect IP policies worldwide.

Protecting Intellectual Property and Cultural Heritage

The G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration, underscored in its preamble[1], places a robust emphasis on the protection of intellectual property and curbing the over-commercialization and misappropriation of living heritage. This commitment echoes India’s dedication to preserving its cultural richness while fostering innovation. This position not only reflects the Indian perspective but has the potential to influence the global consensus on balanced IP regulations. A detailed examination of this commitment reveals the delicate balance between safeguarding intellectual property and ensuring that traditional knowledge and cultural expressions are not commodified. It calls attention to the need for comprehensive IP protection frameworks that respect cultural heritage and uphold the rights of creators.

Promoting Innovation through Intellectual Property

The G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration goes a step further by explicitly recognizing the role of intellectual property rights in fostering innovation (point 56). This reaffirms the global understanding of the pivotal role of robust IP frameworks in catalyzing technological progress and economic growth. Within this context, it is essential to scrutinize India’s stake in the promotion of innovation through IP. As a nation known for its burgeoning technological advancements and a thriving startup ecosystem, India stands to gain significantly from the commitment to strong IP protections. Such protections can not only attract foreign investment but also foster an environment conducive to innovation-driven growth.

The G20’s Impact on International Trade and Intellectual Property

The G20 has a significant impact on global trade policies, and its influence is quite substantial. This influential group shapes the landscape of international trade through discussions and negotiations that touch on various aspects, including intellectual property (IP). Trade agreements frequently incorporate provisions related to IP rights, particularly in sectors like pharmaceuticals, technology, and entertainment. A closer examination reveals how G20 discussions about trade can have profound effects on IP policies worldwide. The G20’s member countries collectively represent a large portion of the global economy, giving their agreements considerable weight. When the G20 works to reach a consensus on IP provisions related to trade, it can set a precedent that reverberates around the world. These discussions can impact the strictness of IP enforcement, the length of patent protections, and the scope of data exclusivity, thereby influencing the economic outcomes of industries that rely on intellectual property and providing greater recognition to Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).

G20 Framework for Systems of Digital Public Infrastructure

The introduction of the G20 Framework for Systems of Digital Public Infrastructure underscores the G20’s dedication to promoting digital trade and economic growth. Digital trade is closely connected to intellectual property, especially in areas like e-commerce, data protection, and cross-border data flows. A detailed analysis of this framework reveals its potential to reshape the future of IP in the digital age. As the G20 establishes a Global Digital Public Infrastructure Repository (GDPIR), it creates a platform for member nations to voluntarily share projects related to digital public infrastructure. This initiative has the potential to facilitate the cross-border exchange of digital goods and services related to intellectual property. Furthermore, the endorsement of India’s proposal for the One Future Alliance (OFA) highlights India’s commitment to inclusive development and capacity building, further emphasizing the interconnectedness of IP, trade, and digital infrastructure.

Responsible Use of Artificial Intelligence

The G20 Declaration recognizes how amazing artificial intelligence is and how it’s changing the digital world. AI is like the superstar of technology, powering all sorts of cool stuff in fields like healthcare, manufacturing, and finance. But, here’s the thing, AI is spreading really fast, and that comes with some big questions about ethics, laws, and how it affects our lives.

In the last ten years, AI has basically become a powerhouse, and it’s a major reason why the digital world is growing so much. It’s not just a small deal – AI is changing how businesses do their thing, how governments make decisions, and how societies work.

However, with great power comes great responsibility. AI technologies, if not used responsibly, can have detrimental effects on society and intellectual property rights. Recent incidents have highlighted that negligent and unmonitored use of AI can infringe upon the rights and safety of individuals and organizations. Unauthorized use of AI models can lead to IP infringement, as proprietary algorithms and data are misappropriated. Furthermore, AI-powered systems may inadvertently discriminate against certain groups, leading to ethical and legal challenges.

G20’s Emphasis on Responsible AI Use

The G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration, in recognizing the significance of AI, declares the intention to leverage AI for the public good by addressing challenges in a responsible and human-centric manner. This emphasis on responsible AI use reflects the understanding within the G20 that unchecked AI deployment can have far-reaching consequences for IP rights and trade practices and it will be interesting to see how this acknowledgment is put into action.

The Connection between AI, Intellectual Property, and Trade

The relationship between AI, intellectual property (IP), and trade is quite complex. You see, AI technologies often rely on huge datasets and fancy algorithms, some of which are like top-secret recipes and protected by intellectual property laws. And this AI stuff, it’s not just some niche thing; it’s spreading like wildfire and changing the way things work in the global economy.

Now, here’s where it gets interesting. The G20, that group of influential nations, has a say in how AI should be used responsibly. This matters a lot for intellectual property policies. They’re all about making sure AI systems are transparent, so you know who’s responsible for what, which helps protect intellectual property rights. They’re also big on privacy rights, which means they want to make sure your personal data is safe, and that’s crucial for protecting all those secret AI recipes and creative stuff.

But wait, there’s more! The G20’s talks on responsible AI could also affect how we do trade. You see, AI is behind all the cool stuff like automation, data crunching, and making supply chains super-efficient. So, if we use AI responsibly and follow the rules, it can help prevent problems like stealing someone else’s ideas or leaking sensitive data when we’re trading internationally.

The G20’s nod to responsible AI in their New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration is a big deal. It shows they’re taking this whole AI, intellectual property, and trade thing seriously. By focusing on transparency, privacy, and data protection, they want to make sure AI-driven trade is not just profitable but also ethical, and that’s a win-win.

Responsible AI isn’t just about protecting intellectual property; it’s about making global trade smoother and fairer. As AI keeps changing industries and economies, the G20’s commitment to doing AI right shows they care about creators and innovators while promoting trade that’s sustainable and above board. This isn’t just about trade and IP; it’s about shaping a future that works for everyone.


India’s G20 Presidency isn’t just a fancy title; it’s a big chance to make some real changes. When we dig into how trade and intellectual property rights work in the G20 framework, we see some major potential. As the G20 sits down to talk trade and policies, they have the power to shape how we protect intellectual property, encourage innovation, and make sure trade plays by the rules. India’s G20 leadership isn’t just about policies; it’s about creating a better, fairer world where intellectual property and responsible trade practices are at the heart of it all. This isn’t just some political stuff; it’s about how we all navigate this interconnected world we live in.


The G20 Declaration,

[1] Point Number 30 of the Declaration.

About Amisha Mittal 13 Articles
Amisha Mittal is a final-year law student pursuing a BA. LLB. (Hons) at Jindal Global Law School, Haryana. Her interest areas align with Intellectual Property Law, Competition law and other technology related laws. She shares a passion for research and writing and with a strong interest in academia, she aspires to contribute to the legal scholarship in these areas.

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